Why public transport?
Public transport, public transportation, public transit or mass transit comprises all transport systems in which the passengers do not travel in their own vehicles.While it is generally taken to include rail and bus services, wider definitions include scheduled ferries, taxicab services etc — in other words, any system that transports members of the general public. Public transport is usually regulated as a common carrier and is usually configured to provide scheduled service on fixed routes on a non-reservation basis. The majority of transit passengers are traveling within a local area or region between their homes and places of employment, shopping, or schools.
Public transport offers many advantages over individual transport modes. It:
- costs less to the community,
- needs less urban space,
- is less energy-intensive,
- pollutes less,
- is the safest mode,
- improves accessibility to jobs,
- offers mobility for all!
Why public transport needs strong advocacy?
❖ 80% of relevant transport legislation is made in Brussels and regularly reviewed
❖ 75% of the transport related EU budget is spent for individual road transport
❖ The economic value of public transport services is more than € 130 - 150 billion/year
❖ Public transport industry is one of the biggest sectors in Europe: it is amongst the largest employers and investors at the local level with 1.2 million direct jobs and up to 3 million indirect jobs
❖ European transport legislation is having relevant cost implications for the public transport sector
❖ At least 7 European Commission's DGs deal with, and influence, public transport (DG for Transport, Environment, Climate change, Energy, Competition, Consumers, Social Affairs)
❖ The 2011 EU White paper on transport contains many actions which need due attention