Project: The Balázs Mór Plan (BMT) – the Budapest Transport Development Strategy 2014–2030 based on sustainable urban mobility
Company: BKK Centre for Budapest Transport
City: Budapest, HUNGARY
Timing: 2013 - 2015
Case study: The Balázs Mór Plan (BMT) is based on the review of a formal transport strategy plan according to the decision of Budapest General Assembly as the transport development strategy for 2014-2030, prepared in the spirit of sustainable urban mobility planning (SUMP). Relying on the transport development experience of the recent past, international best practice and the key problems of Budapest transport, this mobility plan, innovative in the Hungarian practice, determines the role of Budapest transport in order to achieve the strategic development objectives of the city and to create a system for the most important transport activities. Its advanced approach puts people living in towns and their environment into the centre of planning. The new strategy is in line with the guidelines laid down in the White Paper issued by the European Commission in March 2011.
Professional and public discussions were held with more than 200 institutions, incl. district, agglomeration and county local govts, professional and civil organisations, interest representation bodies and authorities during the public consultation process of the BMT. BKK built close cooperation with the experts and designers engaged in the parallel conceptual and strategic planning processes relating to Budapest and its region in order to come up with solutions for complex regional and urban development challenges. BKK entered into separate agreements with various civil organisations, including the Hungarian Cyclists’ Club and the Urban and Suburban Transport Association to lay down the conditions of partnership cooperation and intends to address the relevant residents through various communication channels. Residents’ feedback has been collected with the help of a dedicated website.
The Municipality of Budapest approved a complex development plan for the transport system of Budapest (BKRFT) in 2001. The plan was reviewed in 2009 in the spirit of regional integration and an action programme, valid until 2020, was also added to it. The system plan laid down progressive objectives, yet failed to take into account that only few development projects could be implemented due to the economic crisis, which could be felt from 2008. The review conducted in 2013 based on a decision of Budapest General Assembly was determined by the concept of mobility planning. The entire strategic planning process had to be reconsidered by the Balázs Mór Plan.
With regards to transport-specific strategic objectives, the key concept of the Balázs Mór Plan is integration. Sustainable urban mobility planning achieves integration and terminates the unilaterally sectorial and transport-based approach, as well as the approach that does not go beyond the city boundaries and creates correlations in three target areas: • integration between the urban development and transport development approach, • integration between the development and operational tools of the various transport modes, • integration between local, regional and large regional systems. The essence of the Balázs Mór Plan may be summarised in the following three words: integration, efficiency and overall quality. The plan intends to contribute to the life and liveable future of Budapest based on these three principles.
The public consultation process of the sustainable mobility plan started in the second half of 2014, based on which finalisation and approval is expected in 2015. Measurable effects on customer satisfaction levels due to the measures to be carried out will be available in the future implementation period of the strategic plan. In the previous two years the customer satisfaction rates of public transport services ordered by BKK were: 2013 – 71.4%, 2014 – 72.8%
The BMT includes a dedicated package of active awareness-raising achieved through assisting conscious mode-selection by providing up-to-date information and customer-focused communication. The measure package includes deliberate mobility and transport safety education, attitude forming campaigns and communication, customer service centres, and the presentation of transport history.
• The BMT is the first transport development strategy of Budapest completed by the principles of sustainable urban mobility planning.
• The BMT is the first transport development strategy for Budapest which went through comprehensive public consultation.
• The BMT is the first integrated transport development strategy of Budapest which provides smart objectives for each transport mode.
• The BMT is the first transport development strategy of Budapest which will be completed with an indicator, monitoring and evaluation system to measure the completion of the strategic objectives.
Innovation: With SUMP, a new chapter will be opened in the transport planning of Budapest, in which the major investment projects will be prepared and implemented in line with the urban development ideas, strengthening each other’s impacts. A strategic transport planning practice will be introduced, which is aimed at improving quality of urban life, through the emphasised development of public transport measures, while the plan will satisfy and favourably influence the mobility needs of the population and its enterprises. The process of strategic planning will not stop once the BMT is completed because, apart from the development strategy, project preparation and implementation, the applied methodology contains also an evaluation of the implemented projects and takes into account the experience and impact of the capital investments during the preparation of the subsequent projects.